Electronic waste, also known as e-waste, the discarded and end of life electronic gadget ranging from computers, equipment used in information and communication technology, home appliances, audio and video products and all of their peripherals are popularly known as electronic waste.
Electronic waste is not harmful if we keep it in a safe storage or recycling it with scientific method. The E-waste can, however, be considered hazardous if recycled by primitive methods.
E-Waste in India and worldwide:
India is the third largest country in the world in generation of electronic waste While China is at number one and America is at number two in generation of electronic waste. These three countries contributed 38% electronic waste of total 53.6 million tonnes of E-Waste. It was generated worldwide in 2019.
UN’s Global waste monitor 2020 released a data it represented a worrying scenario where only 17% (9.3MT) of total e-waste was collected and recycled globally. This means that the remaining electronic waste is harming the environment as well as human health. If we think in other manner, high value recoverable raw materials such as gold, platinum, cobalt, indium etc. dumped or burned in e-waste last year and its worth was $57 billion.
Recycling capacities in India are still very low, due to which it indicates the large losses of very important materials. India’s e-waste recycling capacity 800000 tonnes annually. Besides non collected e-waste is also a serious health and environment hazard as if contains several toxic substances.
E-waste is a unique source of rare metals that the critical for manufacturing of electronic gadgets and currently China enjoy distinct advantages on these materials on account of both primary deposits from Waste.
India is the only country in the South Asia region where legislation for e-waste. But it is not enough to just make laws; we need lots of understanding towards the e-waste management.
Globally the generation of e-waste grew by 9.2MT since 2014(up by 21% in just five year) and is projected to grow to 74.7MT by 2030.
Through India(3.2MT) is the third largest-waste generator after the top two countries China (10.1MT) & USA (6.9MT), its per capita contribution(2.4Kg) to the hazardous waste is much below the global average(7.3Kg).
According to report, according to report, Europe ranked first worldwide in term of e-waste generation per capita with 16.2Kg per capita, Oceania came second (16.1Kg) followed by the America (13.3kg). Asia and Africa were much lower: 5.6 & 2.5kg respectively.
In this blog discussed about electronic waste and how e-waste is continuously increasing in India and worldwide. And which country is more responsible for e-waste and which one is smartly manage to the e-waste. And go through the below link and read about the sources of e-waste and what is effect on health and environment and how. Also can read about the why need of e-waste management and disposal methods as well as advantages of recycling of e-waste.