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Indian Human Spaceflight Programme “GAGANYAAN”

What is Gaganyaan mission?

We all want to know about Indian Human Spaceflight Programme “GAGANYAAN”. So the study and researches of Gaganyaan mission was started in 2006, and then it was generic name “Orbital Vehicle”. The project was to build a simple capsule that could carry two astronauts and a splashdown landing after re-entry in earth.  End of March 2008, the design was finalized and was submitted to the Government of India for funding. Government approved funding for the Human Spaceflight program “Gaganyaan” in 2013. Government increased the budget for this Gaganyaan in February 2014.

As of May 2019, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited design of the crew module has been completed. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) will provide support for critical human-centric systems and technologies like space grade food, crew healthcare, radiation measurement and protection, parachutes for the safe recovery of the crew module and fire suppression system.

On 25 October 2019, ISRO’s Human Space Flight Centre and Glavcosmos signed a contract to evaluate the possibility of using Russian life support systems and thermal control for Gaganyaan. ISRO is planning to develop a ground station for Gaganyaan mission at Cocos (Keeling) Islands and is in talks with Australian Space Agency as of 2021.   

Gaganyaan First unmanned mission will be flagged off on December 2021 while Second crewed mission to be launched in 2022-23 when India celebrates 75th years of Independence. ISRO will perform four biological and two physical science experiments related to microgravity during the Gaganyaan mission.

Isro had been busy with developing technologies to support a human spaceflight. (Photo: Isro)

About the budget:

The cost to be spent on the crewed spacecraft over seven years is approximately US$1.77 billion (₹ 124 billion), including the US$0.7 billion( ₹ 50 billion) for the initial work of the crewed spacecraft during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2007–2012) out of which the Government released US$7 million(₹ 500 million) in 2007–2008. In December 2018, the government approved further ₹ 100 billion (US$1.5 billion) for a 7-days crewed flight of 3 astronauts to take place by 2021.

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This mission is very important from the point of view of science and technology and this mission will inspire to the youth.

  • ISRO will perform four biological and two physical science experiments related to microgravity during the Gaganyaan mission. Gaganyaan will focus on regional needs: food, water and energy security.
  • It will help in development of technology for social benefits.
  • It will help in improving international collaboration.

Conclusion: In this article, you read about Indian Human Spaceflight Programme “GAGANYAAN”: Why and How? and its importance.  Thank you for reading this article hope it may help you to understand about amazing inventions and visit for more articles related to bio materials, electronic materials, advance materials, magnetic materials, metallurgical based and knowledge base.



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K Yashdeep

Hye there..! I am Yashdeep Kamal. I completed my Bachelor in Technology(Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering). Engineer by passion, writer by choice. I have been writing about Composites, Ceramics, polymers, nanotechnology, advance materials and metallurgy etc. You can read about these topics here. Hope it may help you.

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